The Central Ridge

  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Pico da Esperanca crater tarn, Pico volcano behind, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Western end, looking SE, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Eastward walk, across lake to Pico, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Eastward walk, across to Pico, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Eastward walk, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Eastward walk, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Pico da Esperanca, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, West from Pico da Esperanca, cloud rilling in, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, West from Pico da Esperanca, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, West from Pico da Esperanca, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, West from Pico da Esperanca, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Pico da Esperanca craters, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Pico from Pico da Esperanca, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Pico from Pico da Esperanca, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Pockmarked landscape east Pico da Esperanca, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, , Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, , Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Descending into giant heather, N side, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Giant heather, N side, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Giant heather, N side, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, N side, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Faja do Ouvidor, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Faja do Ouvidor, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Natural swimming pool, Faja do Ouvidor, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, , Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, , Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, , Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Western end, weather clearing, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Western end, good shapes, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Westward walk, looking SE, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Westward walk, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Ireland on steroids, western end, heather and hydrangea hedges, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Western end, heather and hydrangea hedges, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Western end, heather and hydrangea hedges, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Western end, good shapes, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Western end, good shapes, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Western end, turning south, Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, , Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, , Walkopedia
  • Portugal Azores Sao Jorge, The Central Ridge, Velas, Walkopedia

Key information: The Central Ridge

  • Arguably the finest walking in the Azores. A series of volcanic cones, craters and other formations, lining the central ridge of this long, slender island, with endless views out over infinitely receding Atlantic.

Walkopedia rating

  • Walkopedia rating97
  • Beauty35
  • Natural interest16
  • Human interest13
  • Charisma33
  • Negative points0
  • Total rating97

Vital Statistics

  • Length: Variable
  • Maximum Altitude: 1,035m
  • Level of Difficulty: Strenuous
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The Central Ridge: Western end, looking SE - © William Mackesy

WALK SUMMARY

Sao Jorge's central ridge is, arguably, the finest walking in the Azores and a high Top 100 walk. Walkopedia fizzes with excitement just thinking of it.

Think of a series of volcanic cones, craters and other formations, some nestling little tarns to their heart, lining the central ridge of a long, slender island, with endless views on a fair day from its 1,000m tops across the strait to the thrilling volcano, Portugal's highest mountain, which dominates neighbouring Pico island, and on to the other Islands which decorate the infinitely receding Atlantic. They are covered in vivid grassy vegetation, with dark giant heather and woodlands along the mid slopes and a patchwork of little fields below that.

 A good cinder track winds along this high ridge, which makes for miraculous walking, so easy underfoot that you can reserve all your attention for the visual marvels around you. 

The central ridge is extraordinarily empty. While you will meet a few cars and walkers on a nice day in the area of Pico da Esperanca, the high point of the island, heading west Walkopedia met no one while up high except a couple of farmers in their vans and a hell of a lot of cattle.

A road crosses the ridge roughly halfway along at Pico das Caldeirinhas, enabling various walking options. If you come by car, you can park and walk there and back in either direction. But if you travel by taxi, you can do the following outstanding walks.

Eastward to Faja do Ouvidor

The star walk on S. Jorge and possibly in the whole of the Azores. A literally marvellous meander on a good cinder track around shapely peaks, craters, tarns, glamorously vegetated hillsides with the ever changing sea a constant presence all around, the drama of the Pico volcano a permanent fixture in the background. Walkopedia honestly can't find superlatives that do it justice without sounding ridiculous. Easily in the upper end of Walkopedia's Top 100 world walks.

It is compulsory to make the brief climb to Pico da Esperanca, the island's highest point at 1,053m, to admire the little tarns nestled so comfortably in its elegant double craters. Walkopedia had a quick kip in the sun on the softest-ever bed of grass.

A bit further on, you turn north and start the long but steady descent on tracks and lanes to Norte Grande, passing through a succession of vegetation zones, including particularly beautiful giant heather. Below this, you make a very steep descent on an old path down the cliffs to the lava platform at Faja do Ouvidor. There is a thrilling natural swimming pool to the left of the small harbour at the end of the walk.

17km, 4.5hrs+. A lot longer with leisurely view enjoying time.

Westward and down to Velas

The westward route is not as dramatic as the eastward one, without such high or shapely peaks, but it is full of visual delights: gorgeous views both north and southward towards Graciosa and Pico; elegantly curved hills with designer-positioned angled hedges for contrast and cattle for atmosphere; craters in the mid-levels and great crags above the so-blue sea; uplifting vegetation from bright blue hydrangeas to vivid giant heather; clouds rolling in and away again. Ie, it is walking joy. 

12km, with 8 of them on the high ground and the rest descending through farmland and the outskirts of Velas. 3 hrs+.

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This is moderately demanding walking in high mountains with unpredictable weather. Come prepared.

The routes follow red-marked trails on the Kompass Azores map 1.

Your thoughts are welcome! Please help us by making suggestions and sending photos! Thank you!

For more information and photos, including detailed practical information and some warnings, see Azores and Sao Jorge pages.

Other accounts: share your experiences

Your comments on this walk, your experiences and suggestions, and your photos are very welcome. Where appropriate, you will be credited for your contribution.

The Central Ridge: Pockmarked landscape east Pico da Esperanca - © William Mackesy

Safety and problems: All walks have inherent risks and potential problems, and many of the walks featured on this website involve significant risks, dangers and problems. Problems of any sort can arise on any walk. This website does not purport to identify any (or all) actual or potential risks, dangers and problems that may relate to any particular walk.

Any person who is considering undertaking this walk should do careful research and make their own assessment of the risks, dangers and possible problems involved. They should also go to “Important information” for further important information.

The Central Ridge: Western end, heather and hydrangea hedges - © William Mackesy

Anyone planning an expedition to this place should see further important information about this walk.

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The Central Ridge: West from Pico da Esperanca - © William Mackesy...
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