Tibet's Monastery Koras

  • Ganden - the Lhasa valley far below - © William Mackesy
  • © William Mackesy
  • Across Shigatse - © William Mackesy
  • Ferry to Samye, dust behind - © William Mackesy
  • Ganden, 1999 - © William Mackesy
  • Labrang - gathering for prayers, spring sun - © William Mackesy
  • Labrang - © William Mackesy
  • Samye, autumn sun - © William Mackesy
  • Tashilumpho - © William Mackesy
  • Tsurphu - © William Mackesy
  • Tsurphu, the kora and hermitage - © William Mackesy

Key information: Tibet's Monastery Koras

    • Outstanding koras sacred circumambulations around Tibet's greatest monasteries: Ganden on its mountainside above the Lhasa valley, and Tsurphu, nestled in a deep valley to the northwest of Lhasa; the Panchen Lama's Tashilhunpo in Shigatse and Labrang in China's Gansu province.
      • Walk in the company of Tibetan pilgrims muttering mantras, prostrating and sometimes even crawling around the site.
        • The profound spiritual importance of these places, combined with their spectacular settings, make them unforgettable places to walk and think.
          • The altitude here can hurt. Be prepared.

Walkopedia rating

(Top 100)
  • Walkopedia rating91
  • Beauty30
  • Natural interest15
  • Human interest18
  • Charisma32
  • Negative points4
  • Total rating91
  • Note: Negs: altitude

Vital Statistics

  • Length: Variable
  • Maximum Altitude: 5,000m
  • Level of Difficulty: Variable
Labrang - © William Mackesy


Wherever you go in the Tibetan world, you will find koras, the circumambulations around places of spiritual significance, from the heaps of stones you find at junctions and passes, to monasteries, lakes and even mountains, the king of them all being the trail round remote, mysterious Mount Kailash in the far west.


A kora is always a moving place, with ancient, frayed prayer flags spanking in a whippy breeze and pilgrims plodding determinedly, muttering mantras and turning their prayer wheels. It is a spiritual journey involving prayers, prostrations at key places and even crawling the route, actually an endless series of repeated prostrations, with pads on knees, elbows and hands to stop their destruction. The longest koras take several days to walk, Kailash some 50 days to crawl.


As you approach any Tibetan pass, the spiritual will make itself known. There will be a pile of stones, ranging from a middling cairn to a house-size heap of the deposits of centuries, often topped with horned skulls. You must walk round it clockwise if a Buddhist, anti-clockwise for followers of Bn, the ancient shamanistic practices of the plateau muttering a mantra and adding your own stone to the slowly growing pile.


At the great sites the grand monasteries, temples of Lhasa, Lake Manasarovar, ineffable Mount Kailash you will be in the company of pilgrims who have travelled often walked hundreds of miles, possibly across the Himalayas to make a lifetimes spiritual journey: rough nomads from the Tsaidam basin in the north; becoralled villagers from the edge of China proper with their snow leopard trimmed coats hanging away from one shoulder, long haired, their womenfolks elaborately braided, and daggers and magnificent curly-toed  brocade-decorated boots the mens favoured accessories; pilgrims, including Hindus and Jains from the plains of India, cold and sick in the high, thin air.


Tibet's ancient mystique as an inaccessible, uniquely other-worldly mediaeval theocracy still survives, if under attack from the versions of modernity imposed by China and imported (forgive us) by tourism. The first organised westerners to reach Lhasa were the Younghusband expedition, and they had to fight their way there. Tourists from China, Japan and the West now arrive daily by the planeload. The Han Chinese now control everything and dominate the cities.  It will not be long before the Tibetans are a minority in their own country. Almost all monasteries and temples suffered grievously during the Cultural Revolution some completely destroyed, great Ganden famously through shellfire. Many have been Disneyficatorily restored, and are crawling with spies in monks clothing. Your best chance of feeling the true spirit of the old Tibet may well be on a kora.


These monastery koras are outstanding in their own right and are separately described in detail. However, for the purposes of compiling our Top 100, we have put them together as they have fundamental similarities, and very few people will have the time (or, given the altitude, energy) to get round them all.


Here are some of the greatest of the koras. These walks are not inherently difficult (although Tsurphu invokes some slog), but they are all high.



Hidden high on a mountaintop above the Lhasa river, east of Tibets capital, sits the great Ganden Monastery, rising phoenix-like from its own ashes. Its setting is extraordinary, nestled around a semicircular bowl at the head of a small side valley between a hill and rough, lonely mountains; the kora gets the full benefit of this drama.

See our detailed page



Tsurphu, the mother monastery of the Karmapa (Black Hat) branch of the Kagyupa order, is perched at 4,480m up a beautiful valley, some 70km north-west of Lhasa, beneath crags speckled with precarious meditation retreats.  A stream rushes between brilliant green banks and boulders, below prayer flag streamers which cross the narrow valley. It has possibly the most dramatic of all monastery koras.

See our detailed page



Samye, Tibet's oldest monastery, with a history of over 1,200 years, lies in a sandy valley on the north bank of the mighty Yarlung river. The monastery is remarkable - built inside a high circular wall on a plan modelled on a mandala, a Buddhist representation of the universe.


The kora is interesting enough, winding outside the monastery walls, but the climb up Hepo Ri, a sacred hill to the east with predictably wondrous views, is not to be missed.

See our detailed page



At the heart of Shigatse, Tibet's second city, lies the great Tashilhunpo Monastery, seat of the Panchen Lama, Tibet's second most senior cleric, and once home to thousands of monks.


The views across the monastery and town from the kora on the hillside above are on their own worth coming for. Look out for the enormous Thangka wall.

See our detailed page 


Labrang, Xiahe, Gansu Province

Labrang Monastery, said to be third in the Tibetan world and once home to over 4,000 monks, is vast and feels decidedly underpopulated despite still housing well over 1,200 monks.


Labrangs kora winds for over three thrilling kilometres around this huge monastic site.

See our detailed page


Barkhor Kora, Lhasa

The metropolitan sophisticate among koras, the Barkhor Kora in Lhasa circuits Tibet's holiest temple, the Jokhang, winding through the effervescent, idiosyncratic streets of the Tibetan quarter of Lhasa, thronged by a wondrous array of pilgrims from all over ethnic Tibet. As short as a major kora can get, it still contrives to take the best part of an hour to get round it.

See our detailed page


Potala Kora

While in Lhasa, you may want to walk part of the kora round the Potala Palace, Tibets best-known building and the ancient seat of the Dalai Lama, although much of the route is now in sprawling, modern Lhasa and commensurately atmosphere-reduced.



There are endless koras in Tibet they are endemic. You will find one at every sacred place you go. Other fine monastery koras include Sera and Drepung on the outskirts of Lhasa.

Other accounts: share your experiences

Your comments on this walk, your experiences and suggestions, and your photos are very welcome. Where appropriate, you will be credited for your contribution.


See also expedition planning, including our universal expedition checklist. Walkopedia encourages responsible travel.

Books and Maps

Suggest books and maps

Books on this walk                      

Tibet – Lonely Planet

Tibet Handbook – Gyurme Dorje/Footprint

Tibet – Bradt Travel Guide


For Labrang:

China – Rough Guides

China – Lonely Planet

Other books


Various maps can be bought in Lhasa, Kathmandu or elsewhere, although they aren’t up to much. The maps in the guidebooks are perfectly sufficient for most walkers.


Stanfords: www.stanfords.co.uk. A good online specialist source of worldwide maps (it is also good for guidebooks). Also try www.mapsworldwide.com and www.trektools.com.



Best times to walk/weather

Best times to walk

Late May through to early October


High plateau or mountains, so very variable, can snow in summer.


For detailed weather information, have a look at: www.worldweather.org or www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/country-guides.



Getting there/transport/permits/fees

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There is little public transport (except to Xiahe for Labrang). The majority of foreigners hire cars and drivers in Lhasa (or join organised expeditions); some hitchhike, although this is very unreliable.




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See Walk Summary above.



Possible problems, health, other warnings

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·        The authorities do not take kindly to demonstrations or other infringements. Action deemed inappropriate can have severe consequences for you – and for those around you, who may not be able to sashay off to safety with tales for their friends. Take care, think.

·        Altitude: can affect some; potentially fatal. Acclimatize appropriately, come prepared to cope, be ready to evacuate people in extreme cases.

·        Severe mountain weather: snow, rain, severe cold and wind are possible at any time of year and the weather can change rapidly. Come prepared.

·        Heat and strong sun. Carry enough water and protect yourself.

·        Health risks: this is a relatively undeveloped country, and you will not get prompt medical help of a standard available elsewhere if you become ill. Come prepared, including getting all appropriate inoculations/medications.

·        Beware of dogs: throw stones if they threaten, keep well clear if possibly rabid.


See also the websites in our useful links page for more detailed, and up-to-date, information.


Safety and problems: All walks have inherent risks and problems can arise on any walk. Many of the walks featured on this website involve significant risks and possible problems. This website cannot, does not purport to, identify all actual or potential risks, dangers and problems that may relate to a walk or a country. Any person who is considering undertaking this walk should do careful research and make their own assessment of the risks, dangers and possible problems involved. They should also go to “Important information” for further important information.


Make sure you have appropriate insurance.



Guided or independent?

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These koras are not long, and can be walked independently. A competent guide could add hugely to your understanding.


Some good Tibet expedition organisers include:



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Lhasa is the base for day trips to Ganden and Tsurphu. Most people stay in Shigatse for Tashilumphu, and Xiahe for Labrang. Expedition organisers will organize accommodation (all links to Tripadvisor shortlists).


Hostelbookers usually has a good selection of cheaper-end accommodation.



Other information and tips

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Useful websites and information

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There are many websites with relevant information. Here are some that we think are useful or have been recommended to us.


·        www.wikipedia.org - A useful starting place for all of these koras, monasteries and destinations.

·        www.travelchinaguide.com

·        Try www.flickr.com for pictures of these walks.



Other things to do in the area

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Other walks

See our Tibet walks: we are developing pages on the Ganden to Samye Trek and the Tsurphu and Yangpachen Trek, which will have details of long treks from these monasteries.

Other activities

Shopping, if you must

We are not a shopping website. But, there are beautiful and interesting things to be found, and anything bought from local people must be of some help to this desperately poor area. So, wallets out! (And don’t try to extract the very last cent when bargaining).

Safety and problems: All walks have inherent risks and potential problems, and many of the walks featured on this website involve significant risks, dangers and problems. Problems of any sort can arise on any walk. This website does not purport to identify any (or all) actual or potential risks, dangers and problems that may relate to any particular walk.

Any person who is considering undertaking this walk should do careful research and make their own assessment of the risks, dangers and possible problems involved. They should also go to “Important information” for further important information.

Across Shigatse - © William Mackesy

share your experiences

Add your experiences, suggestions and photos. We would be delighted to receive your writing and ideas (which will be attributed appropriately where published).

Anyone planning an expedition to this place should see further important information about this walk.

Ganden, 1999 - © William Mackesy...

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